Reference is a relation between objects in which one object designates, or acts as a means by which to connect to or link to, another object. The first object in this relation is said to refer to the second object. The second object, the one to which the first object refers, is called the referent of the first object.
References can take on many forms, including: a thought, a sensory perception that is audible(onomatopoeia), visual (text), olfactory, or tactile, emotional state, relationship with other, spacetimecoordinate, symbolic or alpha-numeric, a physical object or an energy projection. In some cases, methods are used that intentionally hide the reference from some observers, as in cryptography.
References feature in many spheres of human activity and knowledge, and the term adopts shades of meaning particular to the contexts in which it is used. Some of them are described in the sections below.
Book 20, Number 4711:
It has been narrated on the authority of Ibn Amir who said: "I heard the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) say-and he was delivering a sermon from the pulpit: Prepare to meet them with as much strength as you can afford. Beware, strength consists in archery. Beware, strength consists in archery. Beware, strength consists in archery".
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) rode horses, camels, mules and donkeys. He rode horses both saddled and bareback, and he used to make them gallop them on occasion. He used to ride alone, which was most of the time, but sometimes he would put someone behind him on the camel, or he would put one person behind him and one in front, so there would be three men on one camel. So he would sometimes let some men ride on his camel with him, and on some occasions he let his wives ride with him. The animals which he rode most often were horses and camels.
(Narrated by Abu Dawood, 2565; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood, 2236)
In a hadith narrated from Hazrat Ibn Umar (R.A) in which our beloved Prophet said "Teach your children swimming, archery and horse riding". In Sahih Muslim, the Prophet (s) said, "Practice archery and horseback riding." The Prophet (s) said "Any action without the remembrance of Allah is either a diversion or heedlessness except four acts: walking from target to target (during archery practice), training a horse and learning to swim." (Reported by al Tabarani on good authority).
It was reported by Ahmad ibn Hanbal that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) raced 'A'ishah and she outran him. Then they had another race where he outran her, whereupon he said, "This time makes up for the other.
One of its forms was a special dance that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) witnessed being done by Abyssinians inside a mosque. This niqaf refers to some movements being performed with arrows. In a narration reported by Abu Salamah, those Abyssinians were playing with their spears.
"A strong believer is better and more beloved to Allah than a weak one." (Reported by Muslim).
'Ata' ibn Abi Rabah narrated that he saw Jabir ibn 'Abdullah and Jabir ibn 'Umayr Al-Ansari while they were practicing shooting, but one of them felt bored, so the other said to him, "Do you feel bored? I heard Allah's Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) saying, "All things in which there is no remembrance of Allah are frivolity and idle play except for four things, and he mentioned teaching another to swim" (At-Tabarani). Ibn 'Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) said, "Once, 'Umar ibn Al-Khattab say to me, 'Let's compete in water and see who can hold his breath under water longer than the other.'"
Wrestling / Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu
There is a report about the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam (SAW) wrestling in the Sunan of Aboo Daawood, on the authority of Muhammad ibn 'Alee ibn Rukaanah, who said,"Verily Rukaanah wrestled the Prophet, and the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) took him down."